Formation of hydroxyl radicals contributes to the bactericidal activity of ciprofloxacin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms

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Standard

Formation of hydroxyl radicals contributes to the bactericidal activity of ciprofloxacin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. / Jensen, Peter Østrup; Briales, Alejandra; Brochmann, Rikke Prejh; Wang, Hengzhuang; Kragh, Kasper Nørskov; Kolpen, Mette; Hempel, Casper; Bjarnsholt, Thomas; Høiby, Niels; Ciofu, Oana.

In: Pathogens and Disease, Vol. 70, No. 3, 2014, p. 440-443.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Jensen, PØ, Briales, A, Brochmann, RP, Wang, H, Kragh, KN, Kolpen, M, Hempel, C, Bjarnsholt, T, Høiby, N & Ciofu, O 2014, 'Formation of hydroxyl radicals contributes to the bactericidal activity of ciprofloxacin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms', Pathogens and Disease, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 440-443. https://doi.org/10.1111/2049-632X.12120

APA

Jensen, P. Ø., Briales, A., Brochmann, R. P., Wang, H., Kragh, K. N., Kolpen, M., Hempel, C., Bjarnsholt, T., Høiby, N., & Ciofu, O. (2014). Formation of hydroxyl radicals contributes to the bactericidal activity of ciprofloxacin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Pathogens and Disease, 70(3), 440-443. https://doi.org/10.1111/2049-632X.12120

Vancouver

Jensen PØ, Briales A, Brochmann RP, Wang H, Kragh KN, Kolpen M et al. Formation of hydroxyl radicals contributes to the bactericidal activity of ciprofloxacin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Pathogens and Disease. 2014;70(3):440-443. https://doi.org/10.1111/2049-632X.12120

Author

Jensen, Peter Østrup ; Briales, Alejandra ; Brochmann, Rikke Prejh ; Wang, Hengzhuang ; Kragh, Kasper Nørskov ; Kolpen, Mette ; Hempel, Casper ; Bjarnsholt, Thomas ; Høiby, Niels ; Ciofu, Oana. / Formation of hydroxyl radicals contributes to the bactericidal activity of ciprofloxacin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. In: Pathogens and Disease. 2014 ; Vol. 70, No. 3. pp. 440-443.

Bibtex

@article{1633925dbf08462ab8c7eb301f2cb2de,
title = "Formation of hydroxyl radicals contributes to the bactericidal activity of ciprofloxacin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms",
abstract = "Antibiotic-tolerant, biofilm-forming Pseudomonas aeruginosa has long been recognized as a major cause of chronic lung infections of cystic fibrosis patients. The mechanisms involved in the activity of antibiotics on biofilm are not completely clear. We have investigated whether the proposed induction of cytotoxic hydroxyl radicals (OH˙) during antibiotic treatment of planktonically grown cells may contribute to action of the commonly used antibiotic ciprofloxacin on P. aeruginosa biofilms. For this purpose, WT PAO1, a catalase deficient ΔkatA and a ciprofloxacin resistant mutant of PAO1 (gyrA), were grown as biofilms in microtiter plates and treated with ciprofloxacin. Formation of OH˙ and total amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was measured and viability was estimated. Formation of OH˙ and total ROS in PAO1 biofilms treated with ciprofloxacin was shown but higher levels were measured in ΔkatA biofilms, and no ROS production was seen in the gyrA biofilms. Treatment with ciprofloxacin decreased the viability of PAO1 and ΔkatA biofilms but not of gyrA biofilms. Addition of thiourea, a OH˙ scavenger, decreased the OH˙ levels and killing of PAO1 biofilm. Our study shows that OH˙ is produced by P. aeruginosa biofilms treated with ciprofloxacin, which may contribute to the killing of biofilm subpopulations.",
author = "Jensen, {Peter {\O}strup} and Alejandra Briales and Brochmann, {Rikke Prejh} and Hengzhuang Wang and Kragh, {Kasper N{\o}rskov} and Mette Kolpen and Casper Hempel and Thomas Bjarnsholt and Niels H{\o}iby and Oana Ciofu",
note = "Special Issue: Biofilms III",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1111/2049-632X.12120",
language = "English",
volume = "70",
pages = "440--443",
journal = "Pathogens and Disease",
issn = "2049-632X",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Formation of hydroxyl radicals contributes to the bactericidal activity of ciprofloxacin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms

AU - Jensen, Peter Østrup

AU - Briales, Alejandra

AU - Brochmann, Rikke Prejh

AU - Wang, Hengzhuang

AU - Kragh, Kasper Nørskov

AU - Kolpen, Mette

AU - Hempel, Casper

AU - Bjarnsholt, Thomas

AU - Høiby, Niels

AU - Ciofu, Oana

N1 - Special Issue: Biofilms III

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Antibiotic-tolerant, biofilm-forming Pseudomonas aeruginosa has long been recognized as a major cause of chronic lung infections of cystic fibrosis patients. The mechanisms involved in the activity of antibiotics on biofilm are not completely clear. We have investigated whether the proposed induction of cytotoxic hydroxyl radicals (OH˙) during antibiotic treatment of planktonically grown cells may contribute to action of the commonly used antibiotic ciprofloxacin on P. aeruginosa biofilms. For this purpose, WT PAO1, a catalase deficient ΔkatA and a ciprofloxacin resistant mutant of PAO1 (gyrA), were grown as biofilms in microtiter plates and treated with ciprofloxacin. Formation of OH˙ and total amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was measured and viability was estimated. Formation of OH˙ and total ROS in PAO1 biofilms treated with ciprofloxacin was shown but higher levels were measured in ΔkatA biofilms, and no ROS production was seen in the gyrA biofilms. Treatment with ciprofloxacin decreased the viability of PAO1 and ΔkatA biofilms but not of gyrA biofilms. Addition of thiourea, a OH˙ scavenger, decreased the OH˙ levels and killing of PAO1 biofilm. Our study shows that OH˙ is produced by P. aeruginosa biofilms treated with ciprofloxacin, which may contribute to the killing of biofilm subpopulations.

AB - Antibiotic-tolerant, biofilm-forming Pseudomonas aeruginosa has long been recognized as a major cause of chronic lung infections of cystic fibrosis patients. The mechanisms involved in the activity of antibiotics on biofilm are not completely clear. We have investigated whether the proposed induction of cytotoxic hydroxyl radicals (OH˙) during antibiotic treatment of planktonically grown cells may contribute to action of the commonly used antibiotic ciprofloxacin on P. aeruginosa biofilms. For this purpose, WT PAO1, a catalase deficient ΔkatA and a ciprofloxacin resistant mutant of PAO1 (gyrA), were grown as biofilms in microtiter plates and treated with ciprofloxacin. Formation of OH˙ and total amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was measured and viability was estimated. Formation of OH˙ and total ROS in PAO1 biofilms treated with ciprofloxacin was shown but higher levels were measured in ΔkatA biofilms, and no ROS production was seen in the gyrA biofilms. Treatment with ciprofloxacin decreased the viability of PAO1 and ΔkatA biofilms but not of gyrA biofilms. Addition of thiourea, a OH˙ scavenger, decreased the OH˙ levels and killing of PAO1 biofilm. Our study shows that OH˙ is produced by P. aeruginosa biofilms treated with ciprofloxacin, which may contribute to the killing of biofilm subpopulations.

U2 - 10.1111/2049-632X.12120

DO - 10.1111/2049-632X.12120

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24376174

VL - 70

SP - 440

EP - 443

JO - Pathogens and Disease

JF - Pathogens and Disease

SN - 2049-632X

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 105880706