Poor antioxidant status exacerbates oxidative stress and inflammatory response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in Guinea Pigs

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Poor antioxidant status exacerbates oxidative stress and inflammatory response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in Guinea Pigs. / Jensen, Peter Østrup; Lykkesfeldt, Jens; Bjarnsholt, Thomas; Hougen, Hans Petter; Høiby, Niels; Ciofu, Oana.

In: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, Vol. 110, No. 4, 2012, p. 353-358.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Jensen, PØ, Lykkesfeldt, J, Bjarnsholt, T, Hougen, HP, Høiby, N & Ciofu, O 2012, 'Poor antioxidant status exacerbates oxidative stress and inflammatory response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in Guinea Pigs', Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, vol. 110, no. 4, pp. 353-358. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-7843.2011.00822.x

APA

Jensen, P. Ø., Lykkesfeldt, J., Bjarnsholt, T., Hougen, H. P., Høiby, N., & Ciofu, O. (2012). Poor antioxidant status exacerbates oxidative stress and inflammatory response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in Guinea Pigs. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, 110(4), 353-358. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-7843.2011.00822.x

Vancouver

Jensen PØ, Lykkesfeldt J, Bjarnsholt T, Hougen HP, Høiby N, Ciofu O. Poor antioxidant status exacerbates oxidative stress and inflammatory response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in Guinea Pigs. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology. 2012;110(4):353-358. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-7843.2011.00822.x

Author

Jensen, Peter Østrup ; Lykkesfeldt, Jens ; Bjarnsholt, Thomas ; Hougen, Hans Petter ; Høiby, Niels ; Ciofu, Oana. / Poor antioxidant status exacerbates oxidative stress and inflammatory response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in Guinea Pigs. In: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology. 2012 ; Vol. 110, No. 4. pp. 353-358.

Bibtex

@article{54dc327cc5b745ccba96d59334b31fe4,
title = "Poor antioxidant status exacerbates oxidative stress and inflammatory response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in Guinea Pigs",
abstract = "Considerable evidence supports the presence of oxidative stress in cystic fibrosis (CF). The disease has long been associated with both increased production of reactive oxygen species and impaired antioxidant status, in particular during the chronic pulmonary infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in CF. Guinea pigs are unable to synthesize ascorbate (ASC) or vitamin C, a major antioxidant of the lung, and thus like human beings rely on its presence in the diet. On this basis, guinea pigs receiving ASC-deficient diet have been used as a model of oxidative stress. The aim of our study was to investigate the consequences of a 7-day biofilm-grown P. aeruginosa lung infection in 3-month-old guinea pigs receiving either ASC-sufficient or ASC-deficient diet for at least 2 months. The animals receiving ASC-deficient diet showed significantly higher mortality during infection and increased respiratory burst of peripheral polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) compared with the animals receiving ASC sufficient diet. The inflammatory response at the site of lung infection consisted of PMNs and mononuclear leucocytes (MN), and higher PMN/MN ratios were present in animals on ASC-deficient diet compared with animals on ASC sufficient diet. Measurements of the ASC levels in the lung were significantly decreased in infected compared with non-infected animals. Interestingly, the infection by itself decreased the antioxidant capacity of the plasma (measured as plasma oxidizability) more than the ASC-deficient diet, suggesting a high consumption of the antioxidants during infection. Our data show that poor antioxidant status exacerbates the outcome of biofilm-related infections.",
keywords = "Animals, Antioxidants, Ascorbic Acid, Ascorbic Acid Deficiency, Biofilms, Disease Models, Animal, Female, Guinea Pigs, Inflammation, Leukocytes, Mononuclear, Lung Diseases, Neutrophils, Oxidative Stress, Pseudomonas Infections, Pseudomonas aeruginosa",
author = "Jensen, {Peter {\O}strup} and Jens Lykkesfeldt and Thomas Bjarnsholt and Hougen, {Hans Petter} and Niels H{\o}iby and Oana Ciofu",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2011 The Authors. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology {\textcopyright} 2011 Nordic Pharmacological Society.",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1111/j.1742-7843.2011.00822.x",
language = "English",
volume = "110",
pages = "353--358",
journal = "Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology",
issn = "1742-7835",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Poor antioxidant status exacerbates oxidative stress and inflammatory response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in Guinea Pigs

AU - Jensen, Peter Østrup

AU - Lykkesfeldt, Jens

AU - Bjarnsholt, Thomas

AU - Hougen, Hans Petter

AU - Høiby, Niels

AU - Ciofu, Oana

N1 - © 2011 The Authors. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology © 2011 Nordic Pharmacological Society.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Considerable evidence supports the presence of oxidative stress in cystic fibrosis (CF). The disease has long been associated with both increased production of reactive oxygen species and impaired antioxidant status, in particular during the chronic pulmonary infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in CF. Guinea pigs are unable to synthesize ascorbate (ASC) or vitamin C, a major antioxidant of the lung, and thus like human beings rely on its presence in the diet. On this basis, guinea pigs receiving ASC-deficient diet have been used as a model of oxidative stress. The aim of our study was to investigate the consequences of a 7-day biofilm-grown P. aeruginosa lung infection in 3-month-old guinea pigs receiving either ASC-sufficient or ASC-deficient diet for at least 2 months. The animals receiving ASC-deficient diet showed significantly higher mortality during infection and increased respiratory burst of peripheral polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) compared with the animals receiving ASC sufficient diet. The inflammatory response at the site of lung infection consisted of PMNs and mononuclear leucocytes (MN), and higher PMN/MN ratios were present in animals on ASC-deficient diet compared with animals on ASC sufficient diet. Measurements of the ASC levels in the lung were significantly decreased in infected compared with non-infected animals. Interestingly, the infection by itself decreased the antioxidant capacity of the plasma (measured as plasma oxidizability) more than the ASC-deficient diet, suggesting a high consumption of the antioxidants during infection. Our data show that poor antioxidant status exacerbates the outcome of biofilm-related infections.

AB - Considerable evidence supports the presence of oxidative stress in cystic fibrosis (CF). The disease has long been associated with both increased production of reactive oxygen species and impaired antioxidant status, in particular during the chronic pulmonary infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in CF. Guinea pigs are unable to synthesize ascorbate (ASC) or vitamin C, a major antioxidant of the lung, and thus like human beings rely on its presence in the diet. On this basis, guinea pigs receiving ASC-deficient diet have been used as a model of oxidative stress. The aim of our study was to investigate the consequences of a 7-day biofilm-grown P. aeruginosa lung infection in 3-month-old guinea pigs receiving either ASC-sufficient or ASC-deficient diet for at least 2 months. The animals receiving ASC-deficient diet showed significantly higher mortality during infection and increased respiratory burst of peripheral polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) compared with the animals receiving ASC sufficient diet. The inflammatory response at the site of lung infection consisted of PMNs and mononuclear leucocytes (MN), and higher PMN/MN ratios were present in animals on ASC-deficient diet compared with animals on ASC sufficient diet. Measurements of the ASC levels in the lung were significantly decreased in infected compared with non-infected animals. Interestingly, the infection by itself decreased the antioxidant capacity of the plasma (measured as plasma oxidizability) more than the ASC-deficient diet, suggesting a high consumption of the antioxidants during infection. Our data show that poor antioxidant status exacerbates the outcome of biofilm-related infections.

KW - Animals

KW - Antioxidants

KW - Ascorbic Acid

KW - Ascorbic Acid Deficiency

KW - Biofilms

KW - Disease Models, Animal

KW - Female

KW - Guinea Pigs

KW - Inflammation

KW - Leukocytes, Mononuclear

KW - Lung Diseases

KW - Neutrophils

KW - Oxidative Stress

KW - Pseudomonas Infections

KW - Pseudomonas aeruginosa

U2 - 10.1111/j.1742-7843.2011.00822.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1742-7843.2011.00822.x

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 22008605

VL - 110

SP - 353

EP - 358

JO - Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology

JF - Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology

SN - 1742-7835

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 40216607