Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm hampers murine central wound healing by suppression of vascular epithelial growth factor

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Biofilm-infected wounds are clinically challenging. Vascular endothelial growth factor and host defence S100A8/A9 are crucial for wound healing but may be suppressed by biofilms. The natural course of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm infection was compared in central and peripheral zones of burn-wounded, infection-susceptible BALB/c mice, which display delayed wound closure compared to C3H/HeN mice. Wounds were evaluated histopathologically 4, 7 or 10 days post-infection. Photoplanimetry evaluated necrotic areas. P. aeruginosa biofilm suppressed vascular endothelial growth factor levels centrally in BALB/c wounds but increased peripheral levels 4-7 days post-infection. Central zones of the burn wound displayed lower levels of central vascular endothelial growth factor as observed 4 and 7 days post-infection in BALB/c mice compared to their C3H/HeN counterparts. Biofilm suppressed early, centrally located S100A8/A9 in BALB/c and centrally and peripherally later on in C3H/HeN wounds as compared to uninfected mice. Peripheral polymorphonuclear-dominated inflammation and larger necrosis were observed in BALB/c wounds. In conclusion, P. aeruginosa biofilm modulates wounds by suppressing central, but inducing peripheral, vascular endothelial growth factor levels and reducing host response in wounds of BALB/c mice. This suppression is detrimental to the resolution of biofilm-infected necrosis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Wound Journal
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)123-132
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 186364241