Discrimination of bromodeoxyuridine labelled and unlabelled mitotic cells in flow cytometric bromodeoxyuridine/DNA analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) labelled and unlabelled mitotic cells, respectively, can be discriminated from interphase cells using a new method, based on immunocytochemical staining of BrdUrd and flow cytometric four-parameter analysis of DNA content, BrdUrd incorporation, and forward and orthogonal light scatter. The method was optimized using the human leukemia cell lines HL-60 and K-562. Samples of 10(5) ethanol-fixed cells were treated with pepsin/HCl and stained as a nuclear suspension with anti-BrdUrd antibody, FITC-conjugated secondary antibody, and propidium iodide. Labelled mitoses could be discriminated from unlabelled mitoses, and from labelled and unlabelled G2 cells, by their intermediate log FITC fluorescence intensity. In addition, mitoses and G2 nuclei differed in forward and orthogonal light scattering, but had equal intensity of propidium iodide fluorescence. This method for discrimination of labelled mitoses was also tested on cultured normal adult human keratinocytes labelled with iododeoxyuridine (IdUrd). In keratinocytes, where the cell structure was preserved after pepsin/HCl, IdUrd labelled mitotic cells were similarly discriminated in the log FITC/propidium iodide fluorescence distribution. This interpretation was supported by experiments using mitotic arrest, fluorescence activated cell sorting and microscopy, and comparison with an alternative flow cytometric method for discrimination of mitoses.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)154-61
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 1994

    Research areas

  • Bromodeoxyuridine, Cells, Cultured, DNA, DNA, Neoplasm, Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate, Fluorescent Dyes, Humans, Keratinocytes, Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute, Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute, Mitosis, Plicamycin, Propidium, Tumor Cells, Cultured, Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

ID: 181873999