Faster activation of polymorphonuclear neutrophils in resistant mice during early innate response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection

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Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are crucial for the outcome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in patients with cystic fibrosis. We compared PMNs and inflammatory cytokines in the lungs and blood from susceptible BALB/c and resistant C3H/HeN mice 1 and 2 days after intratracheal challenge with alginate embedded P. aeruginosa. These parameters were correlated with the quantitative bacteriology and histopathology of the lungs. After challenge, the content of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) was increased in the lungs and the sera and the percentage of PMNs was increased in the blood. However, 2 days after challenge the concentration of G-CSF and MIP-2 was higher in the lungs and sera of BALB/c mice. CD11b expression was higher on the PMNs of the C3H/HeN mice. The expression of CD62L on PMNs of both strains of mice was decreased 1 day after bacterial challenge, whereas the expression was increased after 2 days of challenge on PMNs of C3H/HeN mice only. These changes were accompanied by a more severe lung inflammation in BALB/c mice and faster clearance of the bacteria in C3H/HeN mice. In conclusion, the rapid early bacterial clearance in the lungs of C3H/HeN mice could be explained by faster activation of the PMNs, as indicated by the higher up-regulation of CD11b. The severe lung inflammation in BALB/c mice may be caused by the early higher content of G-CSF in the sera mobilizing PMNs from the bone marrow and the persistent chemotactic gradient provided by MIP-2 in the lungs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)478-485
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2004

    Research areas

  • Animals, Antigens, CD11b, Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid, Chemokine CXCL2, Female, Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor, Immunity, Innate, L-Selectin, Leukocyte Count, Lung, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Inbred C3H, Monokines, Neutrophil Activation, Neutrophils, Pseudomonas Infections

ID: 44353141