Interactions between polymorphonuclear leukocytes and Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms on silicone implants in vivo
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
Chronic infections with Pseudomonas aeruginosa persist because the bacterium forms biofilms that are tolerant to antibiotic treatment and the host immune response. Scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy were used to visualize biofilm development in vivo following intraperitoneal inoculation of mice with bacteria growing on hollow silicone tubes, as well as to examine the interaction between these bacteria and the host innate immune response. Wild-type P. aeruginosa developed biofilms within 1 day that trapped and caused visible cavities in polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). In contrast, the number of cells of a P. aeruginosa rhlA mutant that cannot produce rhamnolipids was significantly reduced on the implants by day 1, and the bacteria were actively phagocytosed by infiltrating PMNs. In addition, we identified extracellular wire-like structures around the bacteria and PMNs, which we found to consist of DNA and other polymers. Here we present a novel method to study a pathogen-host interaction in detail. The data presented provide the first direct, high-resolution visualization of the failure of PMNs to protect against bacterial biofilms.
|Infection and Immunity
|Number of pages
|Published - Aug 2012
- Animals, Biofilms, DNA, Bacterial, Female, Genes, Bacterial, Glycolipids, Host-Pathogen Interactions, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Microscopy, Confocal, Microscopy, Electron, Scanning, Mutation, Neutrophils, Phagocytosis, Prosthesis-Related Infections, Pseudomonas Infections, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Silicones