Lactobacillus rhamnosus strains of oral and vaginal origin show strong antifungal activity in vitro

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Background: Intake of probiotic bacteria may prevent oral Candida infection. Objective: To screen the antifungal activity of 14 Lactobacillus candidate strains of human origin, against six opportunistic C. albicans and non-albicans species. A second aim was to study the acid production of the four strains showing the strongest antifungal activity. Methods: We used an agar overlay growth inhibition assay to the assess the antifungal activity of the lactobacilli. The acid-producing capacity was measured with pH micro-sensors. Results: All 14 Lactobacillus candidates inhibited the growth of the Candida spp. The four best-performing strains were L. rhamnosus DSM 32992 (oral origin), L. rhamnosus DSM 32991 (oral), L. jensenii 22B42 (vaginal), and L. rhamnosus PB01 (vaginal). The difference between L. rhamnosus DSM 32992 and the other three strains was statistically significant (p < 0.001). The Candida spp. differed in susceptibility; C. parapsilosis was highly inhibited, while C. krusei was not or slightly inhibited. The oral L. rhamnosus DSM 32992 and DSM 32991 strains showed the lowest pH-values. Conclusion: Screening of probiotic lactobacilli showed significant strain-dependent variations in their antifungal capacity in a pH-dependent mode. Two strains of oral origin were most effective. A further characterization seems justified to elaborate on their probiotic properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1832832
JournalJournal of Oral Microbiology
Issue number1
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • candidosis, growth inhibition, pH, Probiotic bacteria, strain-specificity, yeasts

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